Offered for sale is a very interesting file that involved a Jew Artur Israel Pollak from the city of Halle, Germany. He was accused by two brothers, Adolf and Jakob Martin who had an Oil Mill that the Jew owed them money for rape seeds that the brothers bought from him but were never delivered. It is an interesting story that started way back in 1929 and went on until 1942. Here is the entire story that involved the Plaintiffs and Defendant, lawyers, the civil court in Halle, the Gestapo in Halle as well as the Gestapo headquarters in Berlin, including the the offices of Eichmann, Himmler and Pohl (including either original signatures and/or initials of all three of them or workers in their offices who signed/initialed on their behalf):
It all started in 1929 when an Oil Miller named Jakob Martin, living in Alsace-Lorraine (at the time French province with a high percentage of ethnic Germans), ordered a ton of rape seed for processing into vegetable oil from a Jewish seed merchant named Artur Pollak who operated a business in Halle, Germany. Jakob Martin paid over RM 2,000 (Reichsmark) in advance but the seed was never delivered nor did he get his money back. Claims were dismissed ta that time because Alsace-Lorraine was French and Jakob, despite sending many reminders over the next years, he was unable to pursue his claim. Things finally changed for Jakob Martin in June of 1940 when Germany occupied France and Alsace-Lorraine became part of Germany und er the name ‘Westmark’. Now Jakob Martin mobilized his brother Adolf who lived in Kiel and who was meanwhile partner in his brother’s oil mill. But, alas, the German authorities closed the mill for economic reasons but the Jew Pollak still owed the Martin brothers over RM 2,000. Because the anti-Jewish German racial laws had come into effect, all Jews were forced to take on the Jewish middle names Israel (for male Jews) and Sarah (for female Jews) and so Artur Pollak became Artur Israel Pollak who was, despite all the restrictions for Jews, still living in Halle. Adolf Martin’s claim as still not be dealt with, despite a few weak investigations by tax inspectors and the local Gestapo branch of the city of Halle. Pollaks excuse was that all his things, including furniture, belonged to his wife and under German law one cannot claim from a spouse. As it turned out, Pollak was lying as his wife died in 1941. A Jewish Synagogical Culture Committee was still operating in Halle but they refused to help the Martin brothers, claiming that too much time had past since 1929. In desperation, Adolf Martin now wrote to the Gestapo HQ in Berlin, sending his documents and claim to get something accomplished. In his letter he also mentioned to the Gestapo HQ that it is unbelievable that Jews were still roaming the Reich at will, disregarding the German laws and that they should all be put in ghettos.
The Gestapo then forced the Jewish Synagogical Culture Committee to pay an installment of RM 200 to the Martin brothers. The payment was made plus a monthly installment of RM 20 was offered on Pollaks behalf. This offer of course was refused as it would have taken 94 years to pay in full. The Jewish Culture Committee wrote back to Adolf Martin advising him to accept the offer because according to their inside information, the Jew Artur Israel Pollak was scheduled to be deported soon to the Generalgouvernement (occupied Poland) and would probably end up in the Warsaw ghetto. Adolf Martin then agreed to the proposal hoping that, in the event that Pollak’s belongings were auctioned off he would finally get a lump sum and the matter was settled. Unfortunately it did not go that way, auctioneer Knoch pocketed the money.
Adolf Martin sent more evidence to the Gestapo and the WVHA (the SS office looking after Jewish assets) and back came a letter by Eichmann (or Eichmann’s office) that Pollak was indeed in Warsaw but no further details could be provided. Martin received another letter, this time from the Police Chief of Posen, the town in former Poland that had jurisdiction over Chelmno concentration camp. The letter stated that inmate #224-33 was shot and killed as he tried to escape from his forced labor assignment in the forest of Kulmhof (Chelmno). SS-Scharführer E. Kretschmer was the SS guard on duty and the statement is verified by SS camp commander Hauptsturmführer Bothmann.
On August 8th the SS-WVHA, responsible for dealing with claims against Jews by German citizens, informed the Martin brothers that he documents will be inspected and then returned, signed by SS-Obergruppenführer Oswald Pohl. The money the now deceased Jew Artur Israel Pollak still owed was not mentioned. The former owner of this file was told part of this story by a great grandson of Adolf Martin but he contacted the Holocaust Centre at Yad Vashem in Tel Aviv (Israel) and they confirmed that a Artur Pollak from Halle was killed at Chelmno concentration camp sometime in the summer of 1942. The original owner went even further and found confirmation that indeed a Jewish merchant named Artur Pollak had lived in Halle on Hindenburg Strasse (street) #63.
The file contains a total of 19 documents, including one that is signed by infamous Obergruppenführer Oswald Pohl and three documents are signed/acknowledged either by Adolf Eichmann personally or by one of his secretaries who signed on his behalf. One of the documents must have even landed in Himmler’s office as it is signed by either him or one of his adjutants. Another document bears HH initials. A very interesting file and all of the documents come with an English translation.